The hyposodic diet reduces urinary supersaturation index of calcium-oxalate salts in calcium-oxalate stone formers with metabolic syndrome
La dieta iposodica riduce l’indice di sovrasaturazione urinaria dei sali di ossalato di calcio (AP-CaOx) nei pazienti con nefrolitiasi ossalato-calcica e sindrome metabolica
Background: Nutritional factors play a key role in the pathogenesis of both metabolic syndrome (MS) and calcium-oxalate (CaOx) nephrolithiasis (NL), two clinical entities strictly related. A reduction in dietary salt intake was universally recommended for treatment and prevention of MS and CaOx-NL. The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of an hyposodic and normocalcic 7-days diet on the urinary supersaturation index of CaOx salts (APCaOx), which is the driving force for CaOx crystallization and aggregation.
Patients and Methods: 18 patients with CaOx-NL and MS were evaluated on free diet and after 7 days of hyposodic and normocalcic metabolic diet. The adherence to prescribed metabolic diet was evaluated measuring the 24 h urinary sodium excretion before and after the diet: all enrolled patients showed an urinary sodium excretion ≤100 mmol/24 h after the diet.
Results: In addition to the decrease in urinary sodium excretion (185.2 ± 9.9 vs 89.2 ± 9.6 mmol/24 h; p<0.01), we observed also a reduction in the 24 h urinary calcium (6.49 ± 0.09 vs 5.31 ± 0.25 mmol/24 h; p<0.01) and oxalate excretions (0.44 ± 0.06 vs 0.30 ± 0.04 mmol/24 h; p<0.01) and in the 24 h urinary volume (1.85 ± 0.09 vs 1.61 ± 0.09 mmol/24 h; p<0.01). APCaOx declined significantly after the diet (1.48 ± 0.09 vs 1.12 ± 0.05; p<0.01).
Discussion: The reduction in dietary salt intake significantly reduces the APCaOx index and could play an important role in the prevention of CaOx-NL associated to MS.
G Tec Nefrol Dial 2017; 29(1): 20 - 23
Article Type: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE
Article Subject: AREA NEFROLOGICA
Francesca De Pascale, Michele Schiano di Cola, Riccardo Muscariello, Gianpaolo De Filippo, Pasquale Strazzullo, Domenico Rendina
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