Use of complementary and alternative medicine in nephrology: a review of RCTs
Uso delle medicine complementari in nefrologia: una revisione di studi randomizzati controllati (RTC)
Purpose: To evaluate and summarize the current evidence in the literature on the effectiveness of complementary
and alternative medicine (CAM) for the management of health problems in kidney patients.
Methods: Randomized controlled trials in English were selected through PubMed, Medline, the Cochrane Central
Register of Controlled Trials, and CINAHL. There were no time limits on the research.
Results: Thirty-four articles were selected for the review. Most of the studies were reported in 2013 and 2014 and
were conducted in China. Multiple types of CAM used for various problems in kidney patients (pruritus, reduced
respiratory capacity, poor quality of sleep, abnormal blood values, pain, anxiety) emerged from the analyzed
studies. The most studied types of CAM were the herbs used in Chinese medicine that can help to control proteinuria,
creatinine and hematuria, and to reduce the dose of traditional medicines; acupuncture, which can relieve
pruritus and disturbed sleep; respiratory training, which increases the respiratory capacity and muscle strength;
and Benson relaxation, which helps to improve pain and sleep.
Conclusions: Although the evidence of the included studies is limited, CAM may be helpful for the treatment and
control of health problems in kidney patients. To actually recommend its use, further studies are needed.
You will be granted access to the article for 72 hours and you will be able to download any format (PDF or ePUB). The article will be available in your login area under "My PayPerView". You will need to register a new account (unless you already own an account with this journal), and you will be guided through our online shop. Online purchases are paid by Credit Card through PayPal.